Dialectical behavioural therapy is a talking therapy, usually shorter term, that’s based on Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), but has been adapted to help people who experience emotions very intensely.
Like CBT, DBT helps you to change unhelpful behaviours but it also focuses on accepting who you are at the same time. There is emphasis on the therapeutic relationship with your therapist and this relationship is actively used to create change. Acceptance techniques are used to begin to understand yourself as a person and help make sense of why you might do things such as self-harm or misuse drugs, which may have been a way to manage emotions. Change techniques are then used to encourage you to change your behaviour and learn more effective ways of dealing with your distress. They encourage you to replace harmful damaging behaviours with more helpful ones. DBT is especially useful for working with Borderline Personality Disorder but has also been shown to be effective in a variety of mental health conditions.