Also referred to as IPT therapy, interpersonal therapy is a structured, time-limited therapy (12 – 16 sessions) that typically works intensely on established interpersonal issues.
The underlying belief of interpersonal therapy is that psychological symptoms (such as depression) are often a response to difficulties we have interacting with others. The resulting symptoms can then also affect the quality of these interactions, causing a negative cycle. The thought process behind the therapy is that once a person is capable of interacting more effectively with those around them, the psychological symptoms can improve.
The time-limited or 'brief' aspect of IPT therapy means that this type of therapy will always have an end date (around 12-16 sessions is considered the norm) and will focus on just a couple of key issues. For this reason, this therapy is best suited to those with identifiable problems. It can be used to treat depression, interpersonal disputes, role transitions, grief, and interpersonal deficits.