Stress is something we all experience. It can be considered a normal reaction to external pressures. However, whilst a small amount of stress can motivate us, too much or prolonged stress can be damaging to our physical and mental health. It typically stems from pressure within ourselves or others- and if we are unable to deal with this, we feel stress. The effects of stress will differ from person to person but if left unchecked can cause illness.
Stress arises from our body’s flight or fight response, which was an adapted response to improve survival rates on sensing danger in caveman days. On sensing threatening situations the body releases chemicals that causes our heart rate to increase and then releases energy stores that prepare our body to fight or flee. These days we rarely encounter such threatening situations but our bodies continue to react in this way when we are under pressure. The resultant build up of chemicals raises our blood pressure and can weaken our immune system. These chemicals over time can lead to mental health conditions such as anxiety and depression.
Most stressful situations are associated with either a lack of control or change. Even if a change is positive it can still feel stressful. Some of us are better coping with stress than others. The causes of stress depend on the individual but include family issues, impending exams, a heavy workload, moving house, losing someone you love, giving birth, financial issues and problems at work amongst many others
The issue with stress is that it exists as a problem that can propagate itself and over time can lower your ability to cope. Stress needs to be managed properly or it will continue to take over your life. The sooner you seek help the better. You should be seeking help if it begins to dominate your life, affects your physical health or affects others around you.